Home / Online screening material / A digital manual for the early diagnosis of oral neoplasia / Sublingual varices

  Sublingual varices  Search in Medline for Sublingual varices   Go back to the list

Sublingual varices is a benign condition characterized by dialated tortuous veins seen on the ventral or posterolateral aspect of the tongue. Individuals notice a blackish discolouration on the ventral or lateral areas of the tongue. The incidence increases with age with no gender predilection. The diagnosis is often based on clinical appearance. No treatment is required for this condition; however, haemorrhagic telangiectasia should be excluded in these individuals.

Figure 1: Lingual varicosities. Note the prominent lingual varicosities on either side of the lingual frenum.
Figure 2: Note the tortuous lingual varicosities on the left ventral surface of the tongue.
Figure 3: Note the hypertrophy of the tissue in the floor of the mouth adjacent to the ventral surface of the tongue due to the absence of teeth. Note the tortuous lingual veins on the ventral surface of the tongue (lingual varicosities) (arrows).
IARC, 150 Cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon CEDEX 08, France - Tel: +33 (0)4 72 73 84 85 - Fax: +33 (0)4 72 73 85 75
© IARC 2017 - All Rights Reserved.