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A digital manual for the early diagnosis of oral neoplasia

Advanced squamous cell carcinoma  Search in Medline for Advanced squamous cell carcinoma


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Figure 1A and 1B: Lip carcinoma. Note the growth with ulceration involving the right side of upper lip.
Figure 2: Carcinoma of the left buccal mucosa. Note the extensive ulceroproliferative growth (6x5 cm size) arising from the left buccal mucosa.
Figure 3: Carcinoma of the left buccal mucosa. An exophytic proliferative growth of 4.5 x 4 cm in the left buccal mucosa extending to the lower buccal mucosa.
Figure 4: Carcinoma on the right side of the hard palate. An exophytic growth of 5x4 cm extending from the right maxillary alveolus to the adjacent hard palate.
Figure 5: Carcinoma of the left buccal mucosa. Note the extensive ulcero-infiltrative growth extending to the lower buccal sulcus.
Figure 6: Carcinoma of the left lower buccal sulcus. An extensive proliferative growth with a granular surface is seen in the buccal sulcus extending to the adjacent buccal mucosa in this betel quid chewer, at the area where the betel quid was habitually placed.
Figure 7: Carcinoma of the right buccal mucosa with severe trismus.
Figure 8: Advanced cancer of the left buccal mucosa. Note the proliferative growth perforating the skin (arrows) of the left cheek and the angle of the mouth.
Figure 9: Swelling of the face in a patient with carcinoma in the left buccal mucosa.
Figure 10: Pantomograph of the same patient showing destruction of the left maxilla with very little bone support for left maxillary first and third molar giving a "tooth floating in air" appearance. There is a well-defined radiolucency related to the root stump of left mandibular first molar, suggestive of periapical granuloma.
Figure 11: Carcinoma of the right mandibular alveolus. Note the exophytic growth extending from the right mandibular premolar region to the alveolus posteriorly and invading the buccal sulcus.
Figure 12A: Metastatic right submandibular lymphadenopathy. Figure 12B: Intraoral examination showing an ulceroproliferative lesion in the buccal sulcus extending posteriorly from the first molar region.
Figure 13: Carcinoma of the upper maxillary alveolus. Note the extensive proliferative growth extending from the labial sulcus (red arrow) to the hard palate (yellow arrows).
Figure 14A: Carcinoma right maxilla. Note the proliferative 4x4 cm growth involving the right side of the palate extending from the upper canine region to the maxillary tuberosity. Figure 14B: Extraoral photograph showing a diffuse swelling in the right maxillary region.
Figure 15: Advanced carcinoma palate in a female patient with a history of reverse smoking.
Figure 16: Carcinoma of the tongue. Note the ulceroproliferative growth involving the right lateral margin of the tongue extending posteriorly.
Figure 17: Carcinoma on the palate in this reverse chutta smoker.
Figure 18: Carcinoma of the tongue. Note the extensive ulceroproliferative growth on the right lateral margin of tongue.
Figure 19: Enlarged metastatic lymph node (arrow) in the right submandibular region.
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