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A digital manual for the early diagnosis of oral neoplasia

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Figure 1: A characteristic well-defined white patch of homogeneous leukoplakia on the left commissure in this bidi smoker. Note the pigmented areas (arrow) commonly observed in habitual smokers, posterior to the leukoplakia.
Figure 2: Homogeneous leukoplakia on the left buccal mucosa with central fissuring and pigmented areas-common in bidi smokers; note the mucocoele (arrow) at the commissure.
Figure 3: Homogeneous leukoplakia on the left buccal mucosa extending to the buccal sulcus, where betel quid is usually placed. Note the discoloration of the teeth caused by betel quid chewing.
Figure 4: A homogeneous leukoplakia on the left commissure extending posteriorly.
Figure 5: Homogeneous leukoplakia. An extensive white patch in the middle portion of the right buccal mucosa extending posteriorly. Note the pan chewer’s encrustation (arrows) on the buccal mucosa.
Figure 6: Homogeneous leukoplakia. An extensive white patch extending 2 cm from the left commissure posteriorly in this habitual betel quid chewer. Note the heavy tobacco stain on the teeth.
Figure 7: Homogeneous leukoplakia. Note the diffuse white patch intermingled with hyperpigmentation in the left commissure extending posteriorly in this habitual bidi smoker. Note tobacco stains on the lingual aspect of the maxillary teeth.
Figure 8: Homogeneous leukoplakia extending from the central to the posterior part of the left buccal mucosa. Note the betel quid stained teeth.
Figure 9: Homogeneous leukoplakia on the right buccal mucosa.
Figure 10: Homogeneous leukoplakia of the right commissure extending posteriorly, in a bidi smoker.
Figure 11: Homogeneous leukoplakia on the right buccal mucosa.
Figure 12: Homogeneous leukoplakia (arrow) on the lower labial mucosa.
Figure 13: Homogeneous leukoplakia on the right side of the dorsum tongue.
Figure 14: Homogeneous leukoplakia on the right lateral margin of the tongue, extending to the ventral surface.
Figure 15: Homogeneous leukoplakia on the left lateral border of the tongue.
Figure 16: Homogeneous leukoplakia on the ventral surface of the tongue.
Figure 17A: Superadded candidiasis in a patient with homogeneous leukoplakia. Figure 17B: The same patient after three weeks of antifungal treatment.
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