The core function of the Screening Group (SCR) at IARC is to provide data on the accuracy, reproducibility, efficacy, benefits, harmful effects, and cost-effectiveness of various early detection interventions for breast, cervical, colorectal, and oral cancers, among others, in reducing deaths and improving patients’ quality of life in various settings. These data can then be used to inform and improve the rational use of health-care resources. The Group’s ultimate objective is to guide the development of public health policies for implementing screening in a variety of health-care settings, in particular in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).
SCR conducts field studies in LMICs to evaluate various early detection methods for breast, cervical, colorectal, and oral cancer control. These initiatives also address the means by which screening services could be scaled up through local public health services. SCR develops various training resources to catalyse and augment capacity building in close collaboration with national institutions and government health services. Through its research programme, SCR generates scientific evidence to support the development of resource-appropriate early detection policies and health systems for the delivery of effective early services. For example, the Group significantly contributed to the evaluation of the safety and efficacy of less than three doses of the HPV vaccine in protecting against cervical cancer.
January is cervical cancer awareness month!11/01/2019
Video: Developing a model for cancer screening in Udaipur, India08/01/2019
As part of the model under trial, which being piloted in the Gogunda rural block of Rajasthan, trained community health workers visit people in their homes to screen them for common diseases and educate them about NCDs including diabetes, hypertension, breast cancer, oral cancers, and cervical cancer. The project supports Indian government policy, which seeks to screen both men and women between the ages of 30 and 60 for common NCDs. Watch video.
New publication: “A pilot study to evaluate home-based screening for the common non-communicable diseases by a dedicated cadre of community health workers in a rural setting in India”07/01/2019
A study initiated in 2017 by the Screening Group evaluates the home-based screening for the common non-communicable diseases delivered by community health workers in a rural setting in Udaipur, India. The study published in the journal BMC Public Health reports that delivery of NCD screening services at home by trained health workers is feasible and well-accepted by the study population.
View the publication.
|Selmouni F., Belakhel L., Sauvaget C., Abousselham L., Lucas E., Muwonge R., Sankaranarayanan R., Khazraji Y.C., Basu P. Evaluation of the national cervical cancer screening program in Morocco: achievements and challenges. J Med Screen. 2019 Jan 16:969141318824627.|
|Basu P., Mahajan M., Patira N., Prasad S., Mogri S., Muwonge R., Lucas E., Sankaranarayanan R., Iyer S., Naik N., Jain K. A pilot study to evaluate home-based screening for the common non-communicable diseases by a dedicated cadre of community health workers in a rural setting in India. BMC Public Health. 2019 Jan 3;19(1):14.|
|Senore C., Basu P., Anttila A., Ponti A., Tomatis M., Vale D.B., Ronco G., Soerjomataram I., Primic-Žakelj M., Riggi E., Dillner J., Elfstrom M.K., Lonnberg S., Sankaranarayanan R., Segnan N. Performance of colorectal cancer screening in the European Union Member States: data from the second European screening report. Gut. 2018 Dec 10.|